Editor’s note: The first draft of this document was written10/25/03 and has been updated 17 times, the most recent of which was 6/4/12. It is considered a work in progress as newsources of information come forward and ongoing research reveals furtherdetails. The basic premise of thegenesis of the use of King Neptune and the Scarlet Flier nickname are rooted inthe facts as presented below. Updates,corrections and suggestions should be sent to Bill King II at 39214 LakeviewLane, Oconomowoc, WI 53066, by phone at 262-490-2455(cell), or via e-mail at: BillKing@wi.rr.com
The historyof King Neptune and the Scarlet Fliers is steeped in tradition that dates backto the creation of Neptune Township and Neptune High School in the 1800’s. Neptune as a township was incorporated onFebruary 26, 1879 by an act of the New Jersey Legislature. Concurrent with the incorporation, a renditionof King Neptune was chosen as the symbol for the community. Neptune High School opened in 1897 andimmediately adopted a classic line drawing sketch featuring a robed KingNeptune. Various renditions weredeveloped over the years with King Neptune as the focal point. Other elements incorporated in thoserenditions include King Neptune’s Trident (three pronged spear), three crestingwaves, fish and sea horses. King Neptuneis the Roman god of the sea with Poseidon being his Greek counterpart. Except for a period beginning approximately1994 and ending in 2005, King Neptune has been the sole trademark of NeptuneHigh School. A red-tailed hawk,incorrectly identified as an esoteric name in some ornithological circles as aScarlet Flier, was used as the school logo during that approximate eleven yearspan.
King Neptune provides the township and schoolsystem with one of the most uniquely identifiable symbols enjoyed by anycommunity or high school. The symbol radiates power, strength, knowledge andbenevolence. Professional sports teams, colleges anduniversities, and major corporations spend millions of dollars developinglogos, designs and catchphrases. On theJersey Shore, King Neptune is a natural.
The moniker“Scarlet Flyers” was coined in 1928 or 1929 by James Lawrence (Jim) Ogle (NHS’29). As a sports writer for the studentnewspaper (then called simply The Student, The Blazer appeared onthe masthead some time after 1938), Ogle reported that the basketball team cameout on the court wearing all red and was always the fastest team on thecourt. Thus Scarlet for red and Flyersbecause the team literally flew up and down the court. The nickname quickly caught on and was usedto describe all the Neptune High School sports teams whose uniforms were alsored and whose athletes equally speedy. Flyers morphed into the more modern spelling Fliers over the years.
According toanecdotal information, it is possible that Ogle’s coining of the moniker mayhave been more of a formalized nod to a phrase that was in use since the early1920’s. At a banquet in 1996 celebratingthe 1995 Neptune High School State Football Championship, Francis (Frank)Smith, a sophomore on the 1923 Neptune State Championship football team, toldRick Taylor (NHS ’66) that a newspaper account of a game from the 1923championship season stated that the Neptune ends were going down the field like“scarlet flyers.” Research failed touncover use of the nickname prior to Ogle’s 1928 reference.
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HISTORY OF KING NEPTUNE and the SCARLET FLIERS(Continued)
What remains elusive is the identityof the artist and the exact time when the “classic” King Neptune logo wasdeveloped. The logo we refer to here isthe one that came in vogue shortly after the dedication of the “new” NeptuneHigh School in 1960.
Personalinterviews with former students, staff and administrators lend credence to thenotion that the classic logo was developed in the early 1960’s after dedicationceremonies of the new Neptune High School on what was then Springdale Avenue in1960. The classic symbol was eitherhand-drawn or more likely assembled using clip art before the computer age whensuch symbols became known as “logos.”
In researching thehistory of the school, it was discovered that the classic King Neptune sketchhad been lost over time. Thus theNeptune High School Class of ’72 took on the project of recreating the logo byemploying the use of current computer graphics programs in 2002. Ellen Homb, a Milwaukee, Wisconsin basedgraphic designer who has worked on logos for professional sports teams andmajor corporations, was commissioned to recreate the logo. Charged with staying true to the originalsketch or clip art, Homb scanned an original 1970’s school decal into acomputer and then painstakingly plotted each line. Only subtle changes were made to correct fordetails lost over years of copying without benefit of an original. The result is the school system now ownsperfect copies on computer discs of the classic King Neptune logo for schoolarchives and future use.
Thetraditional red “N” symbolizing Neptune dates back to at least 1903 with theinception of The Trident according to the December 1921 edition of thepublication. At the time, TheTrident was the official bi-monthly literary magazine/student newspaperpublished by students, supported by advertising and listing an Ocean Grovepublication address. The 1903 version ofthe traditional “N” logo featured a stylized block “N” and incorporated ascroll type banner wrapped around the “N” with the word “Trident” written onthe scroll. A three pronged spear (Neptune’strident) was centered on the “N” and supported the scroll. The colors were “a bold and powerful” Red andBlack.
By the early1920’s, the Trident moniker was used to grace the cover of the officialschool yearbook as it does today. Thearchives make no mention of the name or year in which the switch was made. But eventually, the student newspaper becameknown as The Blazer, a title the masthead carries today. Students also published a variety of literarymagazines in the early half of the last century. The magazines featured poetry, short storiesand whimsical thoughts penned by students.
What the Tridentyearbook did give us was a rendition of King Neptune that ultimately wasadopted as the school seal. In 1960 astudent contest was held to develop artwork for use on the yearbook cover. The winning entries were submitted by MerriL. Nelson and Daphne S. Earl, both Class of 1961. Nelson took the lead on the finished designwhich was a blend of the two winning entries. In it, a robed and bearded King Neptune is shown embracing his Tridentin his right hand and a shield depicting two sea horses in his left focusedtowards three cresting waves. Theartwork appears on the cover of the 1961 yearbook in a gold foil stamp. It was later adopted for use through thedistrict on official publications, letterhead, awards, diplomas and subsequentyearbooks.
King Neptune was the official symbolof Neptune High School and the school district at large from 1897 untilapproximately 1994 when a visual symbol was attached to the nickname ScarletFliers. That 1994 logo, a rendition of ared-tailed hawk, was the result of an effort to boost school spirit bythen-principal Rosalie Coleman. A searchof the Internet apparently identified a Scarlet Flier as an esoteric name for ared-tailed hawk. An art contest betweenstudents rendered two winning designs a blend of which was adopted as the newlogo. A professional painter who alsodevelops logos was hired to further refine the red-tailed hawk logo and applyit to the basketball court in the high school.
HISTORY OF KING NEPTUNE and the SCARLET FLIERS(Continued)
The adoption of the red-tailed hawkas the school symbol was done without the approval of the Board ofEducation. Later research proved therewas no connection between Scarlet Fliers and a red-tailed hawk. Thus, that particular logo had no basis inschool history.
Then, in 2005 after an 11 yearabsence as the symbol for Neptune High School, King Neptune returned to hisrightful throne as the official logo for the flagship school in the district. Anofficial resolution by the Neptune Township Board of Education was passed inSeptember of 2006 specifically denoting the “Forward for Neptune” logo as theofficial logo of Neptune High School. Individualschools in the district were to retain or adopt their own specific logos andmascots centered around a nautical theme. The Board of Education itself retained use of the school seal that wasoriginally developed in 1960.
The 2005 version of the King Neptunelogo is based upon the 11½’ “Forward for Neptune” bronze statue that graces“The Commons at Neptune High School,” an area between the Michael T. LakeTheatre and the gymnasium. Dedicationceremonies for the “new new” Neptune High School were held October 14, 2006. The logo continues to use the Scarlet Red& Black color scheme. Typeface for“Neptune,” “Scarlet Fliers,” and “N” were developed with the result being afont unique to the Neptune School District.
The project to develop the 2005 logowas headed by Bill King II, a 1972 graduate of Neptune High School and anoriginal inductee into the school’s Hall of Fame. After researching the history of King Neptuneand the Scarlet Fliers, King developed a nine-point criteria upon which the newlogo was based. He then screened severaladvertising agencies/graphic arts firms before selected E & Company ofMilwaukee, Wisconsin to develop the new logo.
Eric Dorgan of E & Company wasthe lead designer involved in producing the primary Neptune logo as well asfive alternate logos. The primary logofeatures a silhouette of a young and muscular King Neptune in an aggressivestance pointing forward with his left hand while brandishing his signatureTrident in his right hand. Thesilhouette drew its inspiration from the “Forward for Neptune” statue createdby Chicago sculptor Ralph Greenhow for Neptune High School. The silhouette is flanked by panels of Red& Black and sits atop the word “Neptune” which appears in a uniquetypeface.
The five alternate logosshare similar design features with the primary logo in that the typeface, whenused, is the same. The alternate logosinclude: 1) The traditional “N”symbolizing Neptune which dates back to at least 1903. The new “N” is primarily Scarlet Red with awhite and black border. Again thetypeface is unique to Neptune. 2) The silhouette of King Neptune flanked by Red& Black panels sans “Neptune” lettering. 3) “Neptune” lettering includinga Trident sans the silhouette. 4 &5) Two versions, one horizontal and one stacked, of the nickname “ScarletFliers.” Both versions feature Neptune’sTrident but do not include the silhouette.
To protect the school district’sinvestment in the 2005 logo, the Board of Education will seek to copyrightprotect the primary and secondary logos, the nickname “Scarlet Fliers” and theScarlet Red & Black “N."
HISTORYOF KING NEPTUNE and the SCARLET FLIERS (Continued)
Editorialcomment (circa 2004):
As the Neptune school systemenjoys a renaissance as a result of the current massive building and renovationproject that spans the district, it is our hope that King Neptune will bereturned as the sole symbol representing Neptune High School and the district.
The red-tailed hawk has no basis inschool or community history. In fact,alluding to a red-tailed hawk as a Scarlet Flier is esoteric at best. The use of any bird as a logo, be it a hawk,eagle, cardinal, robin, oriole, blackbird, red bird, and on and on is soprevalent as to be mundane.
In contrast, King Neptune providesthe township and school system with one of the most uniquely identifiablesymbols enjoyed by any community or high school. The symbol radiates power, strength,knowledge and benevolence.
The logo, whether it be the “classic” version as alludedto in research above, or a similar rendition, ought to grace center court of anew basketball court. It ought to beprominently displayed on the outside of the building, on flags, letterhead,uniforms of the sports teams, band, etc. As when the “new” high school was dedicated in 1960, consumer products(T-shirts, sweatshirts, golf shirts, jackets, shorts, gym bags, key chains,etc.) ought to be made available for purchase by students, staff,administrators, members of the community and alumni. The classic King Neptune logo is elegant inits simple design but would require a makeover to bring it into the 21stcentury. The better option would be todevelop a new logo taken directly from the silhouette of Forward For Neptune,the statue of King Neptune that has been commissioned for the Commons atNeptune High School. Additionally, theuse of Neptune’s Trident and stylized red “N” lends itself to the use of asecondary logos which is popular in the marketing world today. The King Neptune logo, Neptune’s Trident, thenickname Scarlet Fliers, and red “N” ought to be copyright protected andtrademarked to safeguard the district’s rights.
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SCARLET FLIER FACTS
Ψ You could call November 22, 1897 the day the light went onbecause the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association introduced an electric lightto the Ocean Grove School without charge to the Board of Education.
Ψ Miss Lida Doren became the first Principal of the school in1897 and had the distinction of being the first woman Principal and the firstSuperintendent of a school system in the State of New Jersey.
Ψ Nine pupils were in the first high school graduating classof 1898. In 1972, 505 students graduatedat the world famous Ocean Grove Auditorium.
Ψ The starting salary for teachers in May of 1898 was $450 peryear. In 1972, young people out ofcollege were hired in Neptune for $8,200 a year.
Ψ The first Neptune High School was erected at a cost of$91,000 and dedicated in September of 1898. The building won World’s Fair honors in 1906 as one of the mostbeautiful and architecturally unique schools in the state.
Ψ Asbury Park was a part of Neptune Township from 1879 until1897 when it became a city. Other townsthat eventually split off were Neptune City (1881), Bradley Beach (1893). Avon subdivided from Neptune City in 1900.
Ψ In January 1904, Principal Lida Doren reported that thesenior class wanted the use of the high school to entertain the juniors withgames and probably some dancing. Theboard approved the use of the school with Miss Doren as chaperone with theunderstanding there was to be no dancing.
Ψ Booker T. Washington delivered a lecture at the high schoolon March 15, 1906.
Ψ A “Tradition ofChampions” was begun as early as 1907 when Neptune High School won the RiceCup. The benefactor of the award was Mr.Melvin A. Rice of Atlantic Highlands. Itwas given to the East Jersey High School League school that sported thecumulative highest winning percentage for a three year period in all aroundathletics (football, basketball, baseball and track).
Ψ The 1919-20 Neptune HighSchool basketball team completed the season with a 13-4-1 (yes, there were tiesin those days).
Ψ The current Neptune High School building was originally dedicatedon Sunday, Sept. 18, 1960 on what was then Springdale Ave., now NeptuneBoulevard. The approximate cost for the“new” high school was $3,000,000. Followinga complete makeover and expansion to the tune of +$60,000,000 that doubled theoriginal square footage, the school was rededicated on Oct. 14, 2006.
Ψ A visual symbol wasattached to the nickname Scarlet Fliers in approximately 1994. In an effort to boost school spirit principalRosalie Coleman charged the school’s head librarian, Don Smith, with unearthingthe identity of a Scarlet Flier. Research on the Internet supposedly revealed that a Scarlet Flier was anesoteric name for a red-tailed hawk. (Note: later research proved thattheory to be incorrect.) An art contestbetween students rendered two winners a blend of which was adopted as the newlogo for Neptune High School. The changein symbols was done without the blessing of the Board of Education. The hawk logo adorned center court at thehigh school, a flag outside the school and official Neptune publications untilreplaced in 2005 and 2006 with the “Forward for Neptune” logo.
Ψ Jim Ogle (NHS ’33) andthe person credited with coining the phrase “Scarlet Flyers” went from beingthe sports editor of the student newspaper to being a sportswriter for theNewark Star Ledger. In addition he wasthe official scorekeeper for the New York Yankees for many years earning aWorld Championship ring for every one of his fingers.
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THEORIES,RELATED NAMES, COLORS & ALTERNATE LOGOS
Ψ If the nickname “Scarlet Flyers” didn’tcome into existence until the late 1920’s, what were Neptune’s sports teamscalled before that? One notion advancedby Roger Allgor (NHS ’49 and member of the state championship basketball teamthat year) was the Sea Kings. If thatwere to be the case, then the name was picked up by a semi-pro basketball teamafter World War II that played games in Asbury Park’s Convention Hall and theoriginal Neptune High School. Neptunegraduates like Bob Davis Sr. (NHS ’44) and Hadford “Haddie” Catley (NHS ’40)played in the league that was either a Monmouth/Ocean County League or AsburyPark League. The logo on the jackets ofthe Sea Kings was very similar to the classic King Neptune logo of the 1960’sthrough the early 1990’s. Subsequentresearch revealed a reference in the January 1938 edition of The Student (thename of the NHS student newspaper before it became The Blazer) that SeaKings was the nickname of South Amboy High School. Allgor goes on to recall that the classicKing Neptune logo was not used by Neptune in 1949.
Ψ It seems Jim Ogle’sdeft coinage of the phrase Scarlet Flyers back in the late 20’s spawned othersto see red . . . literally. In additionto the Scarlet Flyers there was a semi-pro team called the Scarlet Raiders andtheir junior version counterparts who called themselves the Red Raiders. Both the Scarlet and Red Raiders competed inall sports (football, basketball and baseball). Home court for the basketball team was the original Neptune High Schoolin Ocean Grove. Ray Palaia (NHS ’35),brother of New Jersey State Senator Joe Palaia (NHS ’45), played for theScarlet Raiders. A picture of the 1937Bi-County League Champion Scarlet Raiders basketball team appeared in theNeptune Museum on the second floor of the Neptune Library in the municipalbuilding before the museum was closed in 2003. In addition, Keyport High School was and is known as the Red Raiders.
Ψ Any number of theoriesabound as to how Neptune selected Red & Black as the school colors. The true genesis was printed in The Times,a local newspaper, in 1944. The articlenoted that Lida A. Doren, Neptune High School’s first principal, admired a redand black striped sweater worn by a student, Wallace “Brick” Reed, and thendeclared red and black to be the school colors. One unsubstantiated theory is that both the Red & Black colorscheme and the use of the word Scarlet owe a debt to Rutgers, the StateUniversity of New Jersey. Rutgers sportsa Red & Black color scheme and their nickname is the Scarlet Knights. We do know that the “bold and powerful” Red& Black color scheme dates back to at least 1903 and likely earlier.
Ψ An alternate logowas developed in the mid-1990s for use by Neptune High School basketball teamas a response to the red-tailed hawk logo. Wayne Warms (NHS ’71) theorized that a Scarlet Flier was a World War Iairplane. Thus, Warms had a logodeveloped that placed King Neptune in an open-air propeller driven vintageairplane.
Ψ Bil (with one “l”)Canfield was one of two artists for a major New Jersey newspaper who developedlogos, program covers and the like for Rutgers University and PrincetonUniversity from the 1950’s well into the 1990’s. Canfield plied his trade with the old NewarkNews and later the Newark Star Ledger. His counterpart was Bill King of the Asbury Park Press whose artwork of“Athlete of the Week” and sketches that accompanied editorials are known togenerations of Press readers. Canfield,a long-time Monmouth County resident before retiring to Phoenix, has a theoryabout the “classic” King Neptune logo. It is Canfield’s educated position that the logo is a result of “clipart” that was popular in the 1960’s before modern computer graphics programsbecame the norm. Thus the identity ofthe original artist may never be known, as the logo is a compendium of artworkclipped from large books purchased for just such a purpose.
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NEPTUNE- A TRADITION OF CHAMPIONS
The Neptunebasketball team coined the expression “A Tradition of Champions” in the early1990’s. But the phrase is appropriatefor all of Neptune’s sports champions. The Scarlet Fliers have won state titles in boy’s basketball in 1906,1907, 1931, 1949, 1981, 1984, 2002, 2009 and 2011. The Lady Fliers basketball team won Group IIIstate titles in 1983-84, 2009-10 and 2010-11. The girls basketball team also won the Tournament of Champions in the2009-10 season. In football the ScarletFliers were crowned state champions in 1911, 1912, 1923, 1949, 1995, 1997, 1998and 2011 (’95, ’97, ’98 and ’11 were NJSIAA CJIII Championships) and EastJersey Champs in 1921. Baseball won astate championship in 1923, golf in 1969, boy’s track in 1973-74 and 1975-76and the girls in 1987, 1996, 2008, the indoor relay in 1993 and the team GroupIII Championship in 2012. Soccer tookthe Group IV title in 1980. The 1946track team took first place at the Penn Relays, an accomplishment that wasduplicated on two other occasions one of which was in the late 1930’s. In field hockey the girls won in 1987 and inwrestling in 1974-75 and 1979. Acrowning achievement, and one of the most recent, was when the boy’s basketballteam won the Group III New Jersey State Championship in 2002 and became thefirst team in the history of the Shore Conference to advance to theChampionship game of the Tournament of Champions at the Meadowlands. In addition to these accomplishments on astatewide level, Neptune has countless titles earned in the Shore Conferenceand the precursors to the conference and numerous sectional and regional titlesin statewide competition. Leading theway in the Shore Conference is the basketball team. Since the first game was played in 1937,Neptune has made it to the title game 33 times resulting in 21 championships (throughthe 2009-10 season). The roundballershold the record for the most appearances and wins in the championship gameincluding seven consecutive wins from 1961 to 1967. (Updated 6/4/12)
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NEPTUNE ATHLETES IN THE PROS
Jack Armstrong, Sr. – MLB with the CincinnatiReds and other clubs. While with theReds in 1990 he was the starting pitcher for the National League in theAll-Star game.
Robert E. Davis, Jr. ‘ 63 – National Football League quarterback withthe Houston Oilers, New York Jets, New Orleans Saints and the World FootballLeague.
Jacob L. (Jake) Jones ’67 – Only player in the history of Neptune HighSchool to play in the National Basketball Association. A veteran of both the Philadelphia 76ers andCincinnati Royals. Scholar athlete atNeptune and Assumption College. TaughtEnglish at Neptune, coached Junior Varsity and Freshman basketball in the‘70’s. Director of the Office ofCommunity and Economic Development for the City of Long Branch and Director ofthe Urban Enterprise Zone Program.
Nate Ramsey – NFL with the Philadelphia Eagles
Joe M. Vetrano ’36 – Earned eight varsityletters and was an All-State selection in football for the Scarlet Fliers. Went on to garner All-American status atMississippi Southern. Was an originalmember of the San Francisco 49ers and played halfback from 1946 to 1949. Was an assistant coach/chief scout from1953-56. His nickname with the 49ers was“Joe the Toe”. Returned to his Neptuneroots for the 1959 season where he coached Neptune High School to a 5-4 mark,their first winning record in several years. Returned to California after that one year stint. Passed away on May 12, 1995. SportsIllustrated article from March 15, 1999 on Joe DiMaggio went on for severalparagraphs about the relationship between the two Joes. Neptune City native Jack Nicholson mentionedVetrano in an Academy Award acceptance speech.
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NEPTUNE – Namedfor the ROMAN GOD OF THE SEA
Act ofIncorporation – Township of Neptune, February 26, 1879
(Excerpt from1964 history book titled “Four score and five”)
“Thatall that part of the Township of Ocean contained within the following bounds,that is to say: Beginning at theAtlantic Ocean, where Great Pond empties into the same, and running thencewesterly up the middle of said Great Pond and the south branch thereof, untilit intersects a continuation of the center line of Asbury Avenue, in theBorough of Asbury Park, in said County; thence continuing the course of saidcentre line (as the magnetic needle now points), north sixty-seven degrees andfifty minutes west, until it intersects the division line between the Townshipof Ocean and the Township of Shrewsbury, in said County, in the middle of thepublic road leading from Eatontown to Squan, near Benjamin King’s storehouse;thence in a southerly direction along said line to Shark River brook; thence inan easterly direction along the centre of Shark River to the Atlantic Ocean;thence northerly along the same to the place of beginning, shall be, and herebyis set off from the said Township of Ocean, and made a separate Township, to becalled and known as the Township of Neptune.” The north-south borders referred to are Deal Lake (the Great Pond)and the Shark River.
Kelly’s Bar, Route 35 and Laird Avenue in Neptune City, opened forbusiness in June of 1949…Pete & Elda’s, at Woodland Avenue and Route 35 inNeptune City, opened for business in 1953…for the first time in 111 years,Ocean Grove had to let cars drive through the gates on Sundays in April of 1980. . . Frank Smith, mentioned above as a member of the 1923 NHS StateChampionship Football Team when the phrase “scarlet flyers” may have beenspawned, retold the story in 1996 how after practice the fastest players wereable to take hot showers as they had to run back to the school from thepractice field. The slower players tookcold showers as the hot water was gone.
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PARTING SHOTS (Continued)
Additional historical notesfrom the 1940’s:
* In 1940 the Neptune High School graduating class of 155 seniors was, tothat point, the largest in school history.
* In 1942 gas rationing registration was conducted July 9, 10 and 11 inthe Neptune High School gym.
* The Board of Education closed Neptune Schools for two weeks, startingJanuary 22, 1943 due to the fuel oil shortage.
* In 1944, The Times, a local newspaper, noted that Lida A. Doren, NeptuneHigh School’s first principal, admired a red and black striped sweater worn bya student, Wallace “Brick” Reed, and then declared red and black to be theschool colors.
* In 1945 a night school for discharged veterans was opened in NeptuneHigh School for studies in social, mechanical and electrical engineering.
* In 1946, Dan Cole, chairman of the Neptune High School Committee onAtomic Peace; Tyler Bills, Student Council president, and Albert Schneider,signed a letter composed by the student body appealing for internationalcontrol of atomic energy. The letter wasread before the U.S. House of Representatives by Congressman JimAuchincloss. It was printed in theCongressional Record of March 18, 1946.
* In 1946 the salary schedule for Neptune teachers was $1,600 minimum and$2,800 maximum.
* In 1946, the Neptune track team took first place in the Penn Relays.
Ψ Ψ Ψ
List of contributors to this research:
Roger Allgor (NHS ’49), Rich Beltle (NHS ’63),Joseph Bennett (NHS ’47), Walter Bord, Bil Canfield (Newark News & NewarkStar Ledger), Rosalie Coleman Murphy, Billy Eckler (NHS ’66), Richard Gibbons(NHS ’32), Ruth Goodrich Kirkner (NHS ’72), Peggy Goodrich, Larry Hennessy, JoeTaylor (NHS ’96), Bill King (Asbury Park Press), Ray Kuzava (NHS), WaltMischler, Merri L. Nelson (NHS ’61), Kenny O’Donnell (NHS ’68), James RichardOgle (NHS ’68), James Lawrence Ogle (NHS ’29), John Lester Ogle III (NHS ’61), JimOrr, Gerald Palaia (NHS ’39), Senator Joe Palaia (NHS ’45), Francis “Frank”Smith (NHS), Evelyn Stryker Lewis, Rick Taylor (NHS ’66), Virginia “Stout”Thompson (NHS ’40), Domenic Vetrano, Jr., Robert J. Williams (Asbury ParkPress), and the Neptune Township Museum.
King Neptune &Scarlet Flier History
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